Mental Disease and Addiction: Facts and Statistics

Mental Disease and Addiction: Facts and Statistics

The terms illness that is”mental and “addiction” refer to a wide range of disorders that affect mood, thinking and behaviour. These include despair, anxiety problems and schizophrenia, along with substance usage problems and issue gambling. Mental disease and addiction could be related to stress and/or disability of functioning. Signs differ from mild to extreme.

With appropriate support and treatment, a lot of people will recover.


  • In just about any provided 12 months, 1 in 5 Canadians experiences a psychological illness or addiction issue. 1
  • Because of the time Canadians reach 40 years old, 1 in 2 have—or have had—a mental disease. 1

That is impacted?

  • 70% of psychological state issues have their beginning during adolescence or childhood. 2
  • Young adults aged 15 to 24 are more inclined to experience psychological infection and/or substance usage problems than any other age bracket. 3
  • 34% of Ontario high-school pupils suggest a moderate-to-serious degree of mental stress (the signs of anxiety and despair). 14% indicate a level that is serious of stress. 35
  • Males have higher prices of addiction than females, while ladies have actually higher prices of anxiety and mood problems. 3
  • Mental and real wellness are connected. Individuals with a long-lasting condition that is medical as chronic discomfort are a lot prone to also experience mood problems. Conversely, people who have a mood condition have reached a lot higher threat of creating a long-lasting medical problem. 36
  • People who have a psychological infection are doubly prone to have substance usage problem when compared to population that is general. At the very least 20per cent of individuals having an illness that is mental a co-occurring substance use problem. 4 if you have schizophrenia, the true quantity might be up to 50%. 5
  • Likewise, people who have substance usage dilemmas are as much as three times almost certainly going to have illness that is mental. Significantly more than 15% of individuals by having a substance usage issue have co-occurring illness that is mental. 4
  • Canadians into the income group that is lowest are three to four times much more likely compared to those into the greatest earnings team to report poor to fair psychological state. 6
  • Studies in several Canadian urban centers suggest that between 23% and 67% of homeless individuals report having a psychological disease. 7

Morbidity and mortality

  • Mental disease is a cause that is leading of in Canada. 8,9,10
  • People who have psychological infection and addictions are more likely to perish prematurely as compared to basic population. Psychological infection can cut 10 to two decades from a person’s life span. 11
  • The illness burden of psychological infection and addiction in Ontario is 1.5 times greater than all cancers come up with and much more than 7 times compared to all infectious conditions. This can include years resided with significantly less than full function and years lost to death that is early. 12
  • Tobacco, the essential commonly utilized addicting substance, is the key reason behind untimely mortality in Canada. Cigarette smoking is in charge of almost 17% of most fatalities. 13

    Among Ontarians aged 25 to 34, 1 of any 8 fatalities relates to use that is opioid. 14

Committing Suicide

  • About 4,000 Canadians per 12 months die by suicide—an average of very nearly 11 suicides just about every day. 15 It impacts folks of all many years and backgrounds.
  • For a per-capita basis, suicide rates in Canada take a downward trend. They peaked in 1983 at 15.1 fatalities per 100,000 individuals (when compared with 11.0 per 100,000 in 2016—the year that is latest which is why these data can be obtained). 15, 16
  • In Ontario about 2percent of grownups and 14% of high-school students report having seriously contemplated committing suicide within the year that is past. 4% of high-school students report having tried committing suicide. 17,35
  • A lot more than 75percent of suicides involve guys, but ladies try suicide three or four times more regularly. 15,17
  • Over fifty percent of suicides involve people aged 45 or older. 19
  • In 2016, committing suicide taken into account 19percent of fatalities among youth aged 10 to 14, 29% among youth aged 15 to 19, and 23% among adults aged 20-24. 19
  • After accidents, this is the 2nd leading reason for death for individuals aged 15-24. 15
  • First countries youth die by committing suicide about 5 to 6 times more regularly than non-Aboriginal youth. Suicide prices for Inuit youth are one of the greatest in the field, at 11 times the average that is national. 20


In accordance with a 2008 study: 21

  • Simply 50% of Canadians would tell buddies or co-workers they own a relative having a psychological infection, when compared with 72% who does talk about an analysis of cancer tumors and 68% who does speak about a member of the family having diabetic issues.

    42% of Canadians were not sure if they would socialize with a buddy who may have an illness that is mental.

  • 55% of Canadians said they might be not likely to enter a spousal relationship with somebody who has an illness that is mental.
  • 46% of Canadians thought individuals utilize the term psychological illness as a reason for bad behavior, and 27% stated they might be afraid to be around a person who is affected with severe psychological disease.
  • 57% of Canadians think that the stigma related to psychological disease happens to be paid down when compared with 5 years ago.
  • 81% tend to be more mindful of psychological state problems when compared with 5 years ago.
  • 70% think attitudes about psychological state dilemmas have actually changed when it comes to better in comparison to 5 years ago.

But stigma stays a barrier:

  • 64% of Ontario employees will be worried about just just how work will be impacted in case a colleague had a psychological disease. 21
  • 39% of Ontario workers suggest if they were experiencing a mental health problem that they would not tell their managers. 21
  • 40% of respondents to a 2016 study consented they will have skilled emotions of anxiety or despair but never ever sought medical assistance for it. 35

About the Author

Jessica’s expertise is in expanding the electorate to include youth, union members, people of color, and low income voters. Jessica directed New York State’s largest legislative advocacy organization, the SEIU-backed Healthcare Education Project (HEP), and managed the nine top priority states for the historic election of Barack Obama.